Psych/555 Social Psychology
University of Phoenix
Society indifferences causes grouping and separation within the individuals in society. When these biases occur it can affect the groups and minimize the possible positive interaction between chosen groups. Several common forms of biases within society are stereotyping, discrimination and prejudice. Each of these responses can be categorized of social relation to aspects such as a cognitive (stereotype) , affective (prejudices) and behavioral (discrimination) responses. Prejudices are the assumption that individuals have on a group, community or society in which they are perceiving. Prejudices develop from an emotional stand to the individual group in which the assumptions your feelings are about. The prejudice individual maybe angered or uncomfortable in the surrounding or interaction with this particular group. “For example, a White individual refusing to drink from the same water fountain as a Black individual based solely on racial bias represents prejudice by the White individual. The White individual has no factual information to support not drinking from the same water fountain; however, he or she has a preconceived idea of the Black individual and therefore refuses to use the same drinking fountain,” (Keene, p. 1, 2011). Stereotypes are enhanced perception images or assumptions about to get a group of person. Often stereotypes are built upon one’s own assumptions and thoughts he or she as in regards to this grouping without any factual experience or knowledge pertaining to assumed knowledge. Example, an individuals may know several males who are from the same area who wear their clothes a specific way and that is the only assumed knowledge pertaining to the entire group of males from this area. Discrimination is the act in which people are treated differently due to the stereotypes and prejudices set up on that specific group. Often in the denial of rights or opportunities within society can be stemmed from discrimination such as a female not being allowed to do you a specific job or task-based of her gender and assuming the adhering a male to do so.
There also the traits of biases that are openly admitted as well as creating a true expression to out-grouping others better known as a blatant bias.Those with blatant biases do not deny the fact of he or she’s this side of a specific grouping will show their obvious displeasure and factors around such concepts such as sexual orientation, gender, social status or race. There are also social biases that are more subtle, yet still having disliking by concept or grouping yet is not as openly express them about it or not as consciously aware. Subtle biases are usually more consequential when the concepts of the biases becomes personal or relatable to the individual. For example, a blatant bias is individual that open the image to disliking the concepts such as interracial marriage; however, in a subtle bias an individual may not find interracial marriage an issue until someone close to them engages in this type of relationship then they are consciously aware and how it affects he or she.
Victims are not the only individuals that are impacted by biases and discrimination. Those who witnessed these types of biases and or the perpetrator also impacted by this type of social activity. The negative impact of biases or discrimination in social settings can affect an individual through depression, affect their self-esteem as well as hinder their ability continues certain socialization. Biases have a impact on individual’s mental abilities as well as emotional reaction to similar prejudices and stereotypes. Another significant factor are the individuals causing the bias in action or the perpetrators. Individuals who belittle or degrade others are often suffering from some mental inabilities and self-esteem issues or too where once victimize being exposed to discrimination stemming form biases. Individuals who are strong enough to overcome adversity are often driven by a desire to prove the stereotypes wrong (Fiske, 2010).
Prejudices, biases, discrimination are all related to assumptions without the knowledge of facts to support the untrue statements or thoughts and which I believe by the individual who is bias. One strategy in improving the assumptions is educating the bias individual with true factual information about the group or people in which they have untrue thoughts or expose of untrue facts about these individuals. Educating individuals with clear and true statements about people will help them better understand the ignorance in which they have assumed as true. Education is one supportive strategy to improving and minimizing biases of all kinds. Being educated allows an individual the ability to embrace and accept differences in others, and aids in bringing society together (Plant & Devine, 2009). Other strategy into improving individuals untrue assumptions is to expose them factual and direct experiential information about the grouping or biases one may have. This could be direct interaction or personal socialization in which the group in whom the bias is about. This will influence an individual to have personal and direct knowledge of the information in which he or she receives; thus, making it difficult for them to exhibit denial or refuse the ability to identify with direct truths. Seeing indifferences of the assumptions directly will minimize the traits of stereotypes and biases in which they once thought were true. Another strategy for minimizing bases is to reform against the assumptions in which we know are true yet refuses to publicly support due to intimidation of social expectations. Society can become silent or quiet in regards to sensitive subjects such as ethnicity, sexual orientation, and gender biases. Many would like to stay with and in-group and supports the negative bias is of the grouping as to not upset or find social inadequacy.
The key to understanding biases prejudices and stereotypes is to educate society starting at a young age minimizing segregation within our youth by embracing many differences within society. When biases to occur individuals to try to find a healthy approachable way to addressing the negative feelings emotions and behaviors toward where these indifferences. Educating ourselves, family and friends in indifferences in cultures, social statuses, or other norms will help us embrace all aspects of humanity. It is important for society to remain firm against not allowing the negativity of these hideous blatant groups of racism or major biases overcome the healthy nature of socialization within schools, public affairs, or society in any aspect. Biases will always be a normal however how these biases address and how quickly these issues are educated upon will help eliminate the negative behaviors that in turn could occur.
Fiske, S.T. (2010). Social beings: Core motives in Social Psychology (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Keene, S. (2011). Social bias: Prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. The Journal of Law Enforcement, 1(3).
Plant, E., & Devine, P. (2009). The active control of prejudice: Unpacking the intentions guiding control efforts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(3), 640-652.